On December 16, 2022, the Government issued Resolution No.163/NQ-CP on promoting synchronous implementation of key tasks and solutions to improve competitiveness and develop Vietnamese logistics services.
Quy Nhon seaport (illustration)
According to the Resolution, in 2021, the world situation is complicated and unpredictable, the fourth wave of Covid-19 outbreak in our country has had a heavy impact, greatly affecting production and goods circulation. The Government, ministries and localities have promptly issued numerous policies related to logistics. The aims are to ensure the role of logistics in maintaining the supply chain of goods and services, and also to create breakthroughs for Vietnam's logistics industry, contributing to relieving pressure during the social distancing period because of the epidemic and to promote recovery and sustainable economic development of the country.
Despite facing many difficulties and challenges, Vietnam's logistics industry has achieved positive results such as: continuing to improve the legal and institutional framework for logistics, improving the role of the logistics industry in the national economy in line with the orientation of the Resolution of the 13th Party Congress; making many positive contributions to economic activities, making import and export a bright spot (total import and export turnover in 2021 reached a record of USD 668.5 billion, increasing by 22.6% compared to 2020 and in the first 10 months of 2022 USD 616.30 billion, up 14.06% compared to the same period in 2021).
Logistics infrastructure is increasingly improved, the Government and ministries and sectors are investing in developing logistics infrastructure for production, domestic goods circulation and import and export. Training activities, technology application and other activities are actively supporting the logistics industry; the number of schools, institutes and establishments involved in logistics training is increasing; the training program is upgraded and more and more technological solutions are applied in warehouse management, vehicle and goods management. The dialogue mechanism between state management agencies in logistics and enterprises and propaganda to develop and attract investment in logistics services are being strengthened. The role and voice of logistics associations and logistics service enterprises are strongly promoted.
In addition to the achieved results, logistics activities of Vietnamese enterprises have not fully exploited the geo-economic advantages and are not commensurate with the potentials of each locality; infrastructure for logistics activities as well as the connection between commercial infrastructure, traffic infrastructure, information technology infrastructure, etc., in the whole country and in the region, are effective.
In the coming time, the situation in the world and the region will continue to be complicated, unpredictable and difficult to predict, especially with the going impact of the conflict in Ukraine. The resilience of the world economy is more difficult, the growth forecast in 2022 is lower than in 2021. Risks in the financial market, international currency increase, inflation pressure, raw material prices, prices petroleum and many other basic commodities skyrocket. The situation of the Covid-19 epidemic is still going. Meanwhile, climate change, natural disasters, storms and floods, extreme weather are increasingly unpredictable and greatly affecting production and life.
In that context, the Government has requested the Ministers, Heads of ministerial-level agencies, Governmental agencies, Chairmen of People's Committees of provinces and centrally run cities to continue directing the synchronous, timely and effective implementation of tasks and solutions of the Resolutions of the Central Government, the National Assembly, the Government and the directions of the Prime Minister, Decision No.221/QD-TTg dated February 22, 2021 of the Prime Minister amending and supplementing Decision No.200/QD-TTg dated February 14, 2017 approving the Action Plan to improve competitiveness and develop logistics services in Vietnam until 2025 and resolution No.11/NQ-CP dated January 30, 2022 of the Government on the program of socio-economic recovery and development, to contribute to helping the economy overcome difficulties, reducing logistics costs to meet the operation of the economy in the new period, ensuring the participation in the global economic recovery, creating a foundation and favorable conditions for logistics service development in particular and the economy in general for the period up to 2025 and the following years.
The Government unanimously directs the Ministers, Heads of ministerial-level agencies, Governmental agencies, Chairmen of People's Committees of provinces and centrally-run cities to focus on promoting the synchronous implementation of the main tasks and solutions to improve competitiveness and develop logistics services in Vietnam with five guiding points of view, specifically:
- Logistics is an important service industry in the overall structure of the national economy, playing the role of supporting, connecting and promoting socio-economic development of the whole country as well as each locality, contributing to improving competitiveness of the economy.
- Developing logistics services into an industry that creates high added value, linking logistics services with the development of goods production, import-export and domestic trade, development of transport and industrial infrastructure and information technology.
- Developing logistics service market, focusing on improving the competitiveness of logistics service enterprises.
- Maximizing the advantages of geographical location, increasing connectivity to make Vietnam an important logistics hub in the region.
- Developing logistics associated with sustainable supply chains, improving the quality of human resources, promoting digital transformation and technology application.
In addition, the Resolution also sets out main tasks, solutions and organizing implementation to improve competitiveness and develop logistics services in Vietnam.
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